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She was torn apart. Several were raped.
They are accused of having relationships with men from the other side. Between February and March  the bodies of three girls who had been raped were found in the area. They mark their territory by leaving scars on the bodies of the women. It is a terror without sound. Sometimes they punish women for wearing low-slung jeans but other times they make them wear low-cut tops and miniskirts so that they can accompany them to their parties". By sowing terror and exploiting and manipulating women for military gain, bodies have been turned into a battleground.
The serious abuses and violations committed by all the parties to the armed conflict remain hidden behind a wall of silence fuelled by discrimination and impunity. It is women and girls who are the hidden victims of that conflict. Men have also been the victims of sexual violence in the context of the armed conflict. But the sexual abuse and exploitation of women and girls have long been ignored, not only because violence against them has been perceived as belonging to the private sphere, but because fear and shame about sexual abuse have prevented many women from speaking out.
Women and girls in Colombia are the victims of domestic violence and community-based violence. But the conflict exacerbates these forms of violence and the gender stereotyping which underpins them. With their bodies viewed and treated as territory to be fought over by the warring parties, women are targeted for a of reasons — to sow terror within communities making it easier for military control to be imposed, to force people to flee their homes to assist acquisition of territory, to wreak revenge on adversaries, to accumulate "trophies of war", and to exploit them as sexual slaves.
Men and women have also been targeted for attack because of their sexual orientation or gender identity. In Colombia, as elsewhere, official figures do not reflect the scale of the problem of sexual violence. Rape is thought Woman want real sex Massac be ificantly under-reported. Few perpetrators are ever brought to justice for any human rights violation — and even fewer for crimes of sexual violence. The terrible fate suffered by the individuals concerned is therefore exacerbated by this double invisibility.
As this report shows, violence against women in the context of the armed conflict is widespread. Last year, over women were killed Woman want real sex Massac socio-political reasons outside combat — in the street, home or workplace — and 20 "disappeared".
In the rest of cases, those responsible were not identified. The response of the authorities and state institutions, which should be implementing measures to end such abuses, can be as abusive as the violence itself. In Colombia, survivors can find it very difficult to obtain medical assistance, emergency treatment and support measures. The survivors also face serious obstacles in their search for justice.
When a state fails in its responsibility to exercise due diligence to prevent, punish and eradicate sexual and gender violence it sends out a message that such behaviour is tolerated or even condoned. By remaining silent and failing to act, the state is tolerating such abuses and encouraging the commission of further offences. The visit to Colombia of the UN Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences. In Novemberthe UN Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences, Radhika Coomaraswamy, conducted an official mission to Colombia to investigate, assess and report on the impact of the conflict on the human rights of women.
In the summary of the mission report submitted to the UN Commission on Human Rights at its 58th session 3the Special Rapporteur highlighted "the widespread and systematic nature of gender-based violence and the various forms of it that are suffered [in Colombia]": "Rarely is there direct confrontation between the different armed groups, rather these armed groups attempt to settle their scores by attacking civilians suspected of supporting the other side.
Women have been targeted for being the female relatives of the "other" side. After Woman want real sex Massac raped some women have been sexually mutilated before being killed. Furthermore, survivors explain how paramilitaries arrive in a village, completely control and terrorize the population, and commit human rights abuses with total impunity. The Special Rapporteur also highlights the particular experience of female combatants in the warring factions who suffer sexual abuse and infringements of their reproductive rights and finally the appalling situation faced by female internally displaced persons".
Survivors of sexual violence also face a further, debilitating battle — with their families and communities, which often ostracize and stigmatize them. Survivors can be subjected to harsh social and cultural norms which blame the victim for the attack. For many women, surviving sexual violence means keeping silent. Cast out by friends and family and under threat from their aggressors, survivors are often forced to move away from their communities but are still unable to escape the fear of further abuse.
They killed the young man I was with. I was raped by eight or nine soldiers. They left me on the road and I eventually got a ride. When I got to Dabeiba [department of Antioquia], the paramilitaries were there. They said I was a guerrilla. The commander of the paramilitaries raped me. Like a nightmare that never ends…" 4. There are considerable difficulties for research in the field of Woman want real sex Massac against women, particularly in making direct contact with survivors of abuse, many of whom fear retaliation attacks or being shamed by their family and community.
Many areas of Colombia are also inaccessible to human rights activists. In other areas of the country, human rights activists are not available to help individual victims because they have been threatened, intimidated, killed or driven out of their communities.
Although the cases highlighted in this report cannot be independently verified — because of the lack of judicial investigations — the fact that Amnesty International has received so many similar and consistent reports of sexual violence from around the country le the organization to believe that these testimonies are accurate and reliable.
With this report Amnesty International hopes to contribute to greater awareness of the extent and seriousness of violence against women in Colombia. However, without the presence of strong local human rights communities to report and channel cases, it is unlikely that the Colombian public or international opinion will ever know the full extent of such abuses. In addition, women disproportionately suffer from the Woman want real sex Massac of fleeing conflicts because they form the majority of the refugee and IDP population. The definition of discrimination includes gender-based violence.
Violence against women is a form of gender-based violence. It is violence that is directed against a woman because she is a woman or that affects women disproportionately. It includes acts that inflict physical, mental or sexual harm or suffering, threats of such acts, coercion and other deprivations of liberty. Acts are not necessarily identifiable as gender-based in isolation, but require an assessment of how particular acts affect women in comparison with men.
There are also specific acts which are commonly gender-based. According to the UN Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women, violence that is gender-based in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women. It includes threats, coercion, arbitrary deprivation of liberty wherever it takes place. It can occur in public or in private life equally. Some of the elements that may be examined to determine whether an act of violence is gender-based include:. Her banner re : "Armed actors rape women to humiliate men". The fear of witnesses and survivors who agreed to speak to Amnesty International is tangible.
And the trauma Woman want real sex Massac affects these women and girls is clearly all too real. Many have only now felt strong enough to tell their stories, sometimes years after the violence has taken place. The organization would like to thank these women and girls for their courage in speaking out.
The names of some of the informants have been changed in order to protect their identities. This violence, including sexual violence against women, has been perpetrated by all the warring parties. The statistics are chilling: inmore than 3, civilians were killed for political reasons outside combat, over 2, were kidnapped, Woman want real sex Massac half for political motives, hundreds of thousands were internally displaced, and hundreds were "disappeared".
In the last 20 years, the conflict has cost the lives of at least 70, people, Woman want real sex Massac vast majority of them civilians killed out of combat, while more than 3 million people have been internally-displaced. Sincemore than 10, people have been kidnapped, more than half of these by guerrillas or paramilitaries, while at least 1, have "disappeared", mostly at the hands of paramilitary groups often acting in collusion with the security forces.
The conflict has pitted the security forces and army-backed paramilitaries against several guerrilla groups, with each group vying for control of territory and economic resources. The armed opposition groups — the guerrillas — began to emerge in the s, during La Violencia, a virtual civil war which pitted Conservatives against Liberals.
During this period, armed groups linked to the Liberal and Communist Parties were driven into remote parts of the country. These armed groups were the nucleus of the largest armed opposition movement of the past 50 years which was consolidated in as the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia FARCRevolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia.
The FARC has some 20, combatants. The guerrillas created extensive strongholds in many rural areas of the country where they effectively determined local government policies and exercised ificant control over the local population. In addition to military targets, the guerrilla frequently attacked the rural estates of wealthy landowners; extortion and kidnapping became common practices. Since the s, the FARC has sought to ificantly increase attacks in urban areas, and civilians have increasingly borne the brunt of guerrilla attacks in these areas. Paramilitaries — who are believed to have 10, fighters — have their origin in legally constituted civilian "self-defence" groups which the army created in the s and s to act as auxiliaries during counter-insurgency operations.
Although their legal basis was removed in no effort was made to disband them, and in the last 10 years the paramilitaries have grown in size and extended their presence throughout the country. Their historic and continued links with the security forces have been well documented by Amnesty International and the United Nations. Criminal and disciplinary investigations continue to implicate high-ranking security force officers in human rights violations committed by paramilitaries. Over the last few decades, paramilitaries have been held responsible for most killings and "disappearances" of civilians.
Following the breakdown of peace negotiations between the government and the FARC on 20 February clashes between the Colombian state security forces — acting with the collaboration of paramilitary groups — and the guerrilla groups intensified. The armed conflict entered a new critical phase with serious consequences for human rights.
On assuming office, President Uribe introduced a series of hardline Woman want real sex Massac measures encapsulated in the so-called Democratic Security doctrine. This sought to "consolidate" and "recover" territory from guerrilla control. But rather than boost the security of the civilian population the Democratic Security strategy has made it more vulnerable than ever to abuses from illegal armed groups and the security forces. As the distinction between civilians and combatants becomes increasingly blurred — through mechanisms such as the network of informants and the army of peasant soldiers, as well as the increasing use of Woman want real sex Massac and arbitrary detentions — the armed groups have placed even greater pressure on civilians to participate in some way in the conflict.
The civilian population has increasingly become a victim in the internal armed conflict, not simply caught in the crossfire but purposefully targeted. This has above all affected those communities most at risk, whose voices are rarely heard: Afro-descendent and indigenous women, peasants, and shantytown dwellers on the outskirts of cities, many of whom are already displaced. On 1 December the paramilitary umbrella organization, Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia AUCUnited Self-Defence Forces of Colombia — set up in by many of the various disparate paramilitary groups in the country to better coordinate their activities — declared a "unilateral ceasefire".
That same month, the government announced its intention to enter into "peace negotiations" with the AUC. A ificant component of their strategy for exercising control over the population is the imposition of rules of conduct in even the most private of spheres: intervention in disputes between family members or neighbours and the use of corporal punishment to punish transgressors. These activities have been carried out with the knowledge, acquiescence and participation of the security forces.
This type of control is often preceded or accompanied by what the paramilitary groups call "social cleansing" — the killing of petty criminals, prostitutes, and others perceived as "socially undesirable" — deed to show how efficient they are at establishing "public order". The guerrilla have also kept up the pressure on the civilian population. As well as attacks and threats directed at people accused of collaborating with their enemies, 6 they have shown disregard for the rights of children.
Amnesty International has also received testimonies that show that some female FARC and ELN combatants have been subjected to enforced contraception and abortions by their commanders. Members of the FARC have also carried out sexual assaults on women and girls living in areas where the group has a presence.
Breaches of the ban on civilians fraternizing with members of the security forces or paramilitaries has sometimes resulted in rape and killings. In some areas, the FARC have declared women and girls who associate with soldiers and police to be "military targets". Sexual abuse is sometimes the punishment meted out to women and girls who "transgress" in this way. Impunity is the cornerstone of the human rights crisis. Although successive governments have acknowledged the extent of the problem, they have shown themselves unable or unwilling to introduce measures to ensure that those responsible are held able before the law, whether they be security force personnel, paramilitaries or guerrillas.
Because those responsible for human rights violations are seldom punished public confidence in the administration of Woman want real sex Massac and the rule of law has been undermined. The knowledge that crimes will go unpunished — and may even be rewarded — has not only contributed to the escalation of human rights violations; it is also a factor behind the spiral of violence in society at large.
The government argues that the rule of law has broken down because of severe deficiencies in the judicial system, citing insufficient resources, lack of training, lack of specialist personnel and pervasive corruption. It has introduced radical judicial reforms to remedy these shortcomings with the help of major international aid programs.
Impunity in Colombia, however, goes beyond deficiencies in the judicial system, real though these are. Attempts to redress these deficiencies are unlikely to have any ificant impact on the scale of human rights violations unless the government finds the political will to ensure that all human rights violators are held to.
Even when members of the Woman want real sex Massac forces, their paramilitary allies and the guerrilla are known to be responsible for committing serious sexual abuses against women and girls, virtually all cases are covered up or go unpunished. Political crimes and crimes of sexual violence are often not even recorded in official statistics. These crimes are often dismissed as "crimes of passion":. On 25 March she was killed. According to reports, after shooting her several times, her killers, who were allegedly members of the AUC, took her body away.Woman want real sex Massac
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