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It consisted of two rocket-propelled wheels, ten feet in diameter, ed by a cylinder filled with explosives. The Panjandrum was deed by the British Admiralty's Directorate of Miscellaneous Weapons Development, and named after a piece of 18th Century nonsense prose. It would be launched from a landing craft, accelerate up the beach and blow a hole in the sea wall or any other concrete obstacles in its path.
Tests in and were a disaster. The rockets attached to the wheels often failed or detached themselves, and the Panjandrum went everywhere except in a straight line. It was never used in action.
The Krummlauf was a curved barrel attachment for the German Sturmgewehr 44 StG 44 assault rifle, which enabled the weapon to be fired around corners. Its shape meant it could also be used from within a tank to counter enemy infantry armed with mines or other anti-tank weapons. In use, it was found that the barrel attachment became Old war guns for sale and quickly wore out from the pressure of the rounds being fired.
Also, the bullets often shattered on exiting the krummlauf. Although a failure at the time, the concept has been revived with some modern weapons, allowing the user to engage the enemy without exposing themselves. The Panzerkampfwagen 'Maus' Mousedeed by Ferdinand Porschewas the ultimate expression of Hitler's desire to produce an indestructible super-heavy tank.
It was first proposed inbut few in the German High Command saw the need for this ton monster.
Trials began inbut there were constant mechanical problems associated with the drivetrain. The tracks were driven by electric motors powered by a huge Daimler-Benz aircraft engine, but top speed was barely 12mph. The Maus had armour up to mm thick and a Although there were plans to build tanks, only two prototypes — two hulls and one turret — were ever completed. At the outbreak of the Second World War the British army had three types of tank: light tanks for reconnaissance, heavily armoured 'infantry tanks' to support frontal attacks, and fast 'cruiser tanks' to exploit the gaps made in the enemy defences.
It was deed inand looked good on the drawing board with its large wheels, low profile and rakishly sloped armour. Large s were ordered as Britain frantically re-armed. But its 2-pdr gun and 30mm armour were already outclassed when it was delivered inand worse defects lurked under the bonnet.
The Covenanter suffered from major engine cooling problems which were never overcome. It was so unreliable that it never went to war, and the 1, tanks produced were used only Old war guns for sale training. In the Ministry of Supply set up a Old war guns for sale of the principal tank deers from the First World Warwith the object of looking into current British tank development.
It was a long, heavily armoured machine, able to cross trenches and terrain cratered by shells. Its armament was mounted in sponsons on either side of the hull. It was in effect a machine deed to re-fight the First World War, and showed just how remote the committee was from modern developments.
Its transmission and steering system were also needlessly complex. A second prototype, TOG 2, featured a revolving turret and other improvements, but the tank was still too cumbersome and too complicated to be adopted by the War Office. The Maginot line was the French response to German rearmament in violation of the Treaty of Versailles. Built between andand named after a French defence minister, the line was a complex network of fortresses, bunkers, obstacles and artillery positions along France's border with Switzerland, Germany and Luxembourg.
The line was only partially extended north of this because it was assumed that any future German invasion attempt would be met and defeated in Belgium, hopefully with British assistance.
The Maginot Line was seen as a sensible way to maximise the military potential of a limited Old war guns for sale troops, but it also reflected France's static, defensive mentality which was exploited by Nazi Germany in May The Maginot Line was quickly outflanked, and French forces caught off balance by the speed of the German advance. Within six weeks France had surrendered. During the Second World War Britain's Home Guard was famous for making do with outdated weapons as industry concentrated on supplying the regular army with modern equipment.
In particular there were very few anti-tank guns, a shortage which retired British Army Major William H Old war guns for sale intended to put right. His unusual de for a 3-inch smooth-bore gun was put into production inbut only after many safety improvements had been imposed.
The Smith Gun had to be tipped onto its side to fire — one of its wheels acting as a baseplate. It had a low muzzle velocity and was only accurate to about yards, assuming ammunition was available to fire — which was rarely. The huge ton machine combined a plough and cylindrical cutter but carried no weapons. The device may have had some merit on the Western Front during the First World War, but was utterly unnecessary on the Second Old war guns for sale War battlefield and the idea was eventually dropped after a handful of machines had been constructed.
The Vergeltungswaffe Retaliation Weapon 3 was a German supergun deed to bombard London from an underground complex miles away at Mimoyecquesnear Calais in northern France. The V-3 was constructed on a multi-chamber principle whereby secondary charges firing in sequence along the main barrel accelerated a shell to the velocity required to reach its target. A battery of 25 gun tubes were sunk into inclined tunnels in the ground, further protected by a vast concrete slab. It was planned to bombard London at a rate of shells an hour.
The Allies assumed the site was part of the V-2 rocket programme and launched bombing attacks in late Despite intense work by the Germans to finish the project, it was finally put out of action by a raid on 6 July before a single shell had been fired. There were two types: battery-powered, with a 60kg charge, or a larger petrol engine version that could carry a kg device up to m from the controller.
Goliath was to be used against buildings, bunkers or even enemy troops and vehicles if the opportunity arose. Some were used to clear minefields. Unfortunately for the Germans, the trailing control wires were vulnerable to being cut, and the vehicle itself was slow and had poor ground clearance. The Germans also experimented with larger, radio-controlled vehicles that could drop a charge close to their intended target and then retire to a safe distance, but these too were a waste of resources. He had been Germany's principal advocate of strategic bombing — defeating an enemy country through the systematic attack on its economy and population.
It was an idea which had gained ground in Britain, where new heavy bombers were being deed for RAF Bomber Command. In Germany however, Wever's death — and a lack of resources — saw the abandonment of existing projects for a long-range bomber. Instead, priority was given to smaller aircraft, especially dive-bombers. The Luftwaffe's prime function would be to support the army over the battlefield.
Germany's lack of a strategic bomber force to hit back at British and Soviet industry was keenly felt as the war progressed. Belated attempts to get a range of new four-engined aircraft into service failed, and only one — the Heinkel He — saw action. There were even des for an Amerika bomber that could reach New York, but that objective was also never realised. The tiny Messerschmitt Me Komet was the world's only rocket-powered fighter. It was deed to intercept high-flying American bombers over Germany.
It used a liquid propellant consisting of two volatile substances which ignited when mixed together. Enough thrust was produced to propel the tiny fighter to an altitude of 39, feet in 3. Operations began in May but the Komet was almost too fast and pilots struggled to engage the slow-moving bombers. Also, the rocket engine only had a 'burn' of 7 minutes, after which the pilot had to glide back to base.
Accidents were common, and even small quantities of the highly unstable fuel could cause explosions if carelessly handled. The concept of such a colossal weapon was revived inwhen Adolf Hitler asked the head of Krupp armaments what type of gun could destroy the fortifications of the Maginot Line. The gun was deated Schwerer Gustav. The 80cm gun, weighed 1, tonnes and could project a 7-tonne shell 29 miles. The artillery unit-to which it was allocated in Januarynamed the gun Dora.
It fired 47 rounds, against the city of Sevastopol, in the Soviet Union-wearing out the barrel in the process. The second gun produced by Krupp, Schwerer Gustav 2, was never used in action. The increased efficacy of aerial bombardment, in the Second World War, made these large guns obsolete. The V-2 rocket was Germany's most advanced weapon of the Second World War, and also the most wastefully Old war guns for sale.
German rocket development began before the war, but the V-2 was not ready until the autumn of It was used mainly against London and Antwerp, and there was no defence against it.
However, although technically brilliant, and of undoubted propaganda value to an embattled Nazi hierarchy, the weapon inflicted comparatively little damage in return for the vast sums spent on it. The total quantity Old war guns for sale explosives delivered by the 3, or so V-2s fired was far less than could be dropped in a single raid by RAF Bomber Command.
Tragically a far greater of slave workers died building these weapons. Its only armament of four. The turret fighter concept was originally deed to combat mass formations of unescorted bombers, with pilots positioning their aircraft alongside or below, so that the gunners could pour fire into their targets. Unfortunately, the aircraft's extra weight and lack of forward-firing weapons made it vulnerable to conventional enemy fighters. The two Defiant squadrons committed to the Battle of Britain suffered heavy losses and had to be withdrawn.
The aircraft had some success later as a night fighter during the Blitzbut was then retired to training duties. The Windkanone Wind Cannon was a bizarre German anti-aircraft weapon. It comprised a large barrel, bent upwards at one end, through which an explosive jet of compressed air was ejected upwards by the ignition of a mixture of hydrogen and oxygen.
The aim was to knock down low-flying aircraft. Trials showed that a powerful 'slug' of high-velocity air could inflict damage on ground structures, but it was unclear if it would have the desired effect against a small, fast-moving aircraft. In a wind cannon was installed on a bridge over the River Elbebut it failed to achieve any. The Japanese military regarded death in battle as the ultimate way to serve their Emperor. When the war started to turn against Japanthe use of suicide weapons became a natural extension of this ethos — and a symbol of their desperation.Old war guns for sale
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